Useful words and phrases

Dzongkha is the national language of Bhutan. It has about 160,000 native speakers and about 470,000 second language speakers. It's mainly spoken in the districts Thimphu, Paro, Haa, Chukha, Wangdue Phodrang, Punakha and Gasa. Dzongkha is the most common language in the west of Bhutan, Tshangla in the east.

Note: Add la after a phrase to be more polite or formal. 

Hello (formal) 
Kuzu zangpo la

Hello (informal) 
Kuzu zangpo

Nice to meet you 
Nga choe da chebay sem ga yi

How are you? 
Gaday bay Zhui?

I'm fine. 
Legshom (Layshom) or Legshom bay rang yoey (full)

What is your name? 
Chhoe gi ming ga chi mo?

My name is _____ 
Nga gi ming _____ in

I am from _____ 
Nga _____ lay in


Nga

My (possession) 
Nga gi (pronounced gee)

I am from America 
Nga America ley ein

You 
Chhoe (pronounced cho-eh-ay)

Where are you from? 
Chhoe gatey lay mo? (mo makes this statement a question)

Thank you 
Kadrin chhe la (Namey samey kadrin chhe la - literally thank you beyond heaven and earth)

You are welcome 
Jembalaekso

Good luck or best wishes 
Tashi delek

See you later! (informal) 
Shu lay log jay gae! Or Tama che gae

See you tomorrow 
Naba che gae

Where? 
Gatey? (Chhoe gatey mo? - Where are you?)

How much? 
Gadem chi mo?

Tourist or guest 
Chillip

Cool! 
Leg shom du

I like Bhutan 
Nga Druk gai

yes 
inn

no 
men

What is the Problem? 
Chhoe gi Ka Ngyel ga chi mo?

Where is the Bank? 
Ngyul Khang Gathey mo?

No problem 
Khe mi

Sorry 
Tsip maza/ Gom mathrae (not really a direct translation for sorry or excuse me; these are the closest ones)

Excuse me 
Atsi zur nang

o'clock 
baza

8 o'clock 
baza gyed

 

_____ minute(s) 
karma _____

_____ hour(s) 
chu tshoe _____

_____ day(s) 
zha _____

_____ week(s) 
duenthra _____

_____ month(s) 
dhaw _____

_____ year(s) 
lo _____

Monday 
Migmar

Tuesday 
Lhakpa

Wednesday 
Phurbu

Thursday 
Pasang

Friday 
Pemba

Saturday 
Nima

Sunday 
Dawa

January 
indha dangpa

February 
indha nyipa

March 
indha sumpa

April 
indha zhipa

May 
indha ngapa

June 
indha drupa

July 
indha duenpa

August 
indha gaypa

September 
indha gupa

October 
indha chupa

November 
indha chuchipa

December 
indha chunyipa
(Note: For the months of lunar calender the prefix is '''rangda''', '''indha''' is used for the months of the international calender.)

Today 
Dhari

Yesterday
Khatsa

Tomorrow 
Naba

Now 
Dhato (Maza dhato - not now)

Green 
Changkha

Red 
Marp

White 
Karp

Blue 
Hoem

Black 
Naap

Yellow 
Serp

Orange 
Leewang

bird 
Ji chu

cat 
Ji ley

chicken 
Jum

cow 
No

dog 
Ro che

fish 
Nya

frog 
Baep

horse 
Taa

pig 
Phap

turtle 
Ru bel

Where is the toilet? 
Chhabsa gathey mo?

Taxi 
La khor

Fare 
La

How much? 
Ga day chi mo?

Lodging
Goen Chim

How much is this/it? 
Teru ga they chi mo?

_____ Zhu gay may 
May I please have _____

Me ju (mizu
No, thank you

Meal 
Toh /zhay go

Eating 
shay go za ni

Already eat? 
Toh zhey ga la?

Delicious 
zhim bay

Bitter 
khag tae

Sweet 
ngam

Sour 
chup

Water 
chu

Tea 
ja

Butter tea 
su ja

Curry 
tsoem

Soup 
thup

Chilly 
ema

Cheese 
datsi

Cook 
toh bey ni

Eat 
zhey

Dry Chilli 
ema kam

Potato 
kewa

Maize 
gayza

Alcoholic Beverage 
Changg

Bar 
Changkhang

Tip 
Soera

What's the bill? 
Ga de chi mo?

Water 
Chu

Local Drink 
Ara

It is strong. (spirit) 
Ah ni ngag tra du.

It is mild. 
Lha si si du.

Shop 
Tsongkhang

How much? 
Ga dem chi mo? (Nga tiru ga dem chi pho yi - How much money must I pay?)

Discount please! 
Gong phab nang!

What is this? 
Ani ga chi mo?

Car 
Numkhor

Drive 
Numkhor tang ni

Licence 
Lak Kher

Police 
Thrim sung

Road 
Lam

High speed 
Joba joba shuk bay tang

Low speed 
Drogay bay tang

Please take caution! (driving) 
Reb drim di tang!

Let's go! 
Jogay!

Stop 
Numkor kag nang

Risky 
Ngyen khag

Here 
Nalu

There 
Phalu (h is silent)

Right 
Yaechhog

Left 
Yoenchhog

Straight 
Thrang Dhi

Go back or u-turn 
Lok Loni

Front 
Dong kha

Behind 
Jab kha

Next to 
Bolo kha

Far away 
Tha ringsa

Is it far? 
Tha ring sa in-na?

Where does this road lead? 
Lam gathey jo mo?

Please fill up gas until full 
Petrol tem teau bae tsuk nang la

Boy 
Butsh (t is silent)

Girl 
Bum (boom)

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